Testing Environments

This section covers test infrastructure and environments that can be spun up using Forklift.

Bats Testing

Included with forklift is a small live test suite. The current tests are:

  • fb-test-foreman.bats - Runs a few simple tests for Foreman
  • fb-katello-client.bats - Runs client-related Katello content tests
  • fb-katello-client-global-registration.bats - Runs tests for the Global Registration feature
  • fb-katello-content.bats - Runs tests against content features
  • fb-katello-content-restore.bats - Runs non-destructive content tests after a backup restore
  • fb-katello-proxy.bats - Runs tests against content proxy features
  • fb-test-katello-change-hostname.bats - Runs tests for the katello-change-hostname script
  • fb-test-foreman-ansible.bats - Runs tests for Foreman Ansible plugin
  • fb-test-foreman-rex.bats - Runs tests for Foreman Remote Execution plugin
  • fb-test-foreman-templates.bats - Runs tests for Foreman Templates plugin
  • fb-test-puppet.bats - Runs tests for Foreman Puppet plugin
  • fb-test-backup.bats - Runs tests for Foreman Maintain Backup feature
  • fb-proxy-dns.bats - Runs DNS related proxy tests
  • fb-verify-packages.bats - Ensures no wrong package sets are installed
  • fb-verify-selinux.bats - Ensures no SELinux errors happen
  • fb-virt-whom.bats - Run virt-whom candlepin tests
  • fb-destroy-organization.bats - Cleans up after the content tests

To run the same setup run by CI system

cp boxes.yaml.example boxes.yaml
vagrant up centos7-katello-bats-ci

If you are making changes to bats tests and want to test your updates, edit centos7-katello-bats-ci to include:

  # ....
    bats_forklift_dir: /vagrant
    bats_update_forklift: "no"

Or if you want to run bats from a different repository or branch, edit centos7-katello-bats-ci to include:

  # ...
    bats_forklift_repo: https://github.com/<YOUR_NAME>/forklift.git
    bats_forklift_version: your-branch

To run Bats on an existing VM for development

  1. Install bats: yum install bats or apt install bats
  2. Make sure your Foreman server is running
  3. If your tests use Hammer, make sure you have a working hammer command
  4. cd to your forklift directory
  5. Run bats by specifying the test filename(s):
bats bats/fb-katello-content.bats

Note: Bats tests are not idempotent, so you may have to do some cleanup or skip some tests when running bats multiple times.

Pipeline Testing

Under pipelines are a series of playbooks designed around testing scenarios for various version of the Foreman and Katello stack. To run one:

ansible-playbook pipelines/<pipeline>.yml -e forklift_state=up -e <vars required by pipeline>

When you are finished with the test, you can tear down the associated infrastructure:

ansible-playbook pipelines/<pipeline>.yml -e forklift_state=destroy -e <vars required by pipeline>

Existing Pipelines

  • install_pipeline - Installs a Server and a Proxy VMs and runs the foreman_testing role to verify the setup. Expects the pipeline_os variable to be set to a known OS (currently: centos7, debian10) Expects the pipeline_type variable to be set to a known type (currently: foreman, katello, luna) Expects the pipeline_version variable to be set to a known version (currently: 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, 3.11, nightly)
  • upgrade_pipeline - Installs a VM, upgrades it twice and runs the foreman_testing role to verify the final upgrade. Expects the pipeline_os variable to be set to a known OS (currently: centos7, debian10) Expects the pipeline_type variable to be set to a known type (currently: foreman, katello, luna) Expects the pipeline_version variable to be set to a known version (currently: 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, 3.11, nightly).


ansible-playbook pipelines/install_pipeline.yml -e forklift_state=up -e pipeline_os=debian10 -e pipeline_type=foreman -e pipeline_version=nightly
ansible-playbook pipelines/upgrade_pipeline.yml -e forklift_state=up -e pipeline_os=centos7 -e pipeline_type=katello -e pipeline_version=3.10

Creating Pipelines

If you wish to add a new version of an existing pipeline (e.g. a new Katello release), you only have to add the corresponding vars files to pipelines/vars/.

For Katello 3.11, you'd be adding the following two files:


forklift_name: pipeline-katello-3.11
    box: centos7
    memory: 8192
    box: centos7
    memory: 3072
katello_repositories_version: '3.11'
foreman_repositories_version: '1.21'
foreman_client_repositories_version: "{{ foreman_repositories_version }}"


katello_version_start: '3.9'
katello_version_intermediate: '3.10'
katello_version_final: '{{ katello_version }}'

Running Robottelo Tests

Robottelo is a test suite for exercising Foreman and Katello. Forklift provides a role for Robottelo to set up and run tests against your machine. Configuration options of interest are robottelo_test_endpoints where you can pass a list of endpoints (api, cli or ui), and robottelo_test_type, which is one of:

  • tier1 to tier4 - base test sets, tier1 tests can resemble unit testing, higher tiers require more extensive setup
  • destructive - tests that restart or rename the server
  • upgrade - a selection of tests from tiers used in post-upgrade testing, should exercise the core functionality in less time consuming way
  • endtoend - testing the essential user scenario, less time-consuming than the upgrade set

  • Robottelo repository

  • Robottelo documentation